A strong foundation builds a strong home. Foundations are necessary for the development of any construction structure be it small or large. If the foundation is built on stronger means, the longevity of your structure increases.
Building home foundation is often the first step while we plan on constructing a structure. Thus it is necessary to make sure that you do not compromise with the quality of materials used and procedure involved in making a structural foundation.
In this blog, we tell you what goes in building a strong foundation when it comes to building your dream house? The different types of foundation in building construction and what must be your key takeaway from the necessary steps you must keep in mind while building home foundation.
Why must a foundation be built strong ?
The foundation of a house is built to transform the weight or load of the building to the earth which would provide stability and firmness to multi-storey buildings. Addition to stabilizing the structure, a foundation also acts as a leveled, flat base on which construction could take place.
There are few important points that are needed to be taken care of while building a house foundation. If not done properly, these could pose a series of problems for you in the future.
Few important points to consider while building home foundation;
• Make sure the foundation is a little heighted from the ground level. A foundation close to the ground exposes it to the risk of rusting and corrosion, especially if your house is near to the shore or coastal areas. A rusted foundation will make the complete structure weak in strength.
• Another reason why the foundation must be built strong is because the foundation is the very base of the house. If something goes wrong with the foundation you will have a hard time fixing it once the construction of the house is complete.
Ways you can make the foundation of your house firm and strong :
It is important to know how to build a foundation of the house stronger if you want your house to be durable and to help it sustain the climatic changes.
Below are the important tips you can follow to build a good foundation:
• Use CRS bars - To protect the foundation of your house from corrosion or rust, you can use Corrosion Resistant Steel(CRS) bars to build the foundation instead of using the traditionally used HYSD steel.
• Keep note of the type of soil - it is advised to use a foundation material according to the soil type. As using the same type of the construction material on every soil type, will not support durability of the structures. The steel rebar should also be spaced and laid out according to the soil.
• Rebar must not be closed to the soil - a rebar closer to the ground is prone to rusting. Rebars are generally placed inside a block of concrete. While placing the rebar inside the concrete make sure the base of the concrete is 4 inches thicker. A thicker base will create some distance between the steel bar and the ground.
• Layout of the foundation & slab - the foundation should be of equal length and size in order to bury the load of the house. The concrete blocks you use should be squared and layed out strategically.
• Ensure there is no water in the concrete - while building the foundation it is extremely necessary to ensure that the water completely evaporates from the cement before you proceed with the construction. In case the water does not dry up and you progress with the construction, this will make the foundation weak due to it being moist due to the trapped water.
• Use weatherproof material - Since they are constructed below, foundations may deteriorate over time as a result of water exposure, climate change, etc. It's advisable to apply a waterproof material over the foundation walls to protect it from any damage from such conditions.
What are the different types of foundation ?
Following are the different types of foundation in building construction:
1. Shallow foundation :
this could be further categorized into;
• Individual footing or isolated footing
• Combined footing
• Strip foundation
• Raft or mat foundation
2. Deep foundation :
• Pile foundation
• Drilled shafts or caissons
In order to retain the foundation's strength even after it has been built for a while, you must regularly examine its condition. You must routinely inspect the foundation for any cracks or a possible water seepage, to take the appropriate action at the appropriate time and to stop future damage to the structure or your home, you must routinely inspect the foundation for any cracks or water seepage.